The ancient city of Anuradhapura is said to have been the place where Sanghamitta (founder of the female, Buddhist monastic order named Bhikkunis) brought the revered Bodhi Tree, which is still living and celebrated to this day.
From roughly 4th century B.C. to the beginning of the 11th century A.D, Anuradhapura was an urban and political center for most of South Asia. In modern times, the city is still considered sacred and aesthetically gorgeous, drawing many thousands of worshippers, pilgrims and travellers a year.
Served as an important monastery site, consisting of a complex of monastic buildings.
From about 2nd century B.C. to 1st century A.D., Abhayagiri Vihāra first established itself as a vital religious center, attracting many scholars and thinkers from all over Asia for the many years that followed.
Anuradhapura Elephant Pond:
Or Eth Pokuna, is a historic man created pond. It is very close to Lankarama, so it is worth a visit if you are in the area.
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi – This tree is commonly referred to as the ‘oldest living tree in the world’. It is believed to be the southern branch of the holy Bodhi Tree and the planting date of this tree is said to have been in 249 BC by King Devanampiyatissa.
This beautiful, red-clay colored Stupa was built by King Walagamba in 1st century BC and stands nearly 240 ft. tall and a little over 300 ft. at the base. It serves as an active praying center to this day.
Also known as the Twin Ponds, are two fascinating bathing ponds or pools, known for their architectural
design and aesthetic beauty. In ancient times and even today, the engineering design of Kuttam Pokuna astonish many visitors.
This is the oldest stupa in all of Sri Lanka and is said to hold the collar bone of the Buddha, which was sent as a gift from India after the city converted to Buddhism. This Stupa is known to be smaller in size, but also in very good aesthetic condition.
This is another holy stupa in Anuradhapura standing nearly 340 ft. tall, making it
one of the world’s tallest monuments. Many feel the unique architectural design resembles a ‘bubble of milk’, but it is really is quite gorgeous nonetheless.
One of the smaller temples and just a bit more secluded from some of the other sites. However, it is in great shape with some historic pillars around the outside and many on-going ceremonies and prayers taking place.