Last updated on June 29th, 2017 at 05:47 am
Poland is a larger country located officially in central Europe with population over 38 million people which makes it the 8th most populous country in Europe.
The official name is the Republic of Poland and It shares its borders (going from the west) with Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast (part of Russia).
The northern natural border is created by the Baltic Sea. Capital city of Poland is Warsaw, which is also the country’s largest city.
The official language is Polish, which is believed to be one of the most difficult languages in the world – mostly because of its specific pronunciation of certain letters and seven cases of each noun.
Polish history, Europe has been colourful even since its initial establishment of Polish state in 966 by embracing Christianity.
Later in 1025, the Kingdom of Poland has coronated its first king Bolesław I Chrobry.
The country had formed a Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth together with Grand Duchy of Lithuania for a long lasting period.
During 1772, 1793 and 1795, the Commonwealth territory was significantly reduced as it was annexed and partitioned among Austria, Russian Empire and Prussia.
Poland gained back its independence in 1918, by the end of the World War I, under the official name of the Second Polish Republic.
In 1939, the World War II caused the Nazi Germany and Soviet Union invasion and Poland then existed as a satellite state of People’s Republic of Poland.
This period meant a significant damages on national’s wealth and severe losses of lives of Polish citizens. Finally in 1989, Poland has established itself as democratic constitution as the communist government was overthrown.
Today, the country is a member of the European Union and even despite the severe destructions during the World War II, the economy of this post-communist country is gradually growing.
Poland has also 14 UNESCO World Heritage sites within its territory proving that they managed to to preserve most of their cultural heritage. On the top, Poland is considered as one of the safest countries in the world.
The country is also a highly religious country where huge majority of people are Catholics (around 88 %) and only around 2,4% of atheists.