Jordan is a smaller state located in Western Asia. This kingdom with coastline of the Dead Sea and the Red Sea is further bordered with Palestine, Israel, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The strategical position of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (as the official name stands) is given by a location on the intersection of three continents, having an easy access and connection to both Europe and Africa.
Jordan cover a total area of around 89 thousand square kilometres and has a population of nearly 10 million people. Most of the people are Arabs (with Christian minority) and Arabic is also the official language.
The capital and also the largest city of Jordan is Amman. It is the most populous metropolis serving also as the political and economic centre and a cultural hub where a great amount of population is also situated. Jordan is a developed country with high quality and modern medical sector, making it interesting for medical tourism worldwide. The economy of Jordan belongs to the upper middle income class, although the human development is quite high.
Before becoming the independent country on its own in 1946, there were several different empires and countries having the power over the current territory of Jordan.
The Nabatean Kingdom was replaced by the Roman Empire and later by the Ottoman Empire. Brits took over the rule in 1921 and held the area as a protectorate with the official name the Emirate of Transjordan. The Arab-Israeli war in 1948 eventually led to the change of the name to its current version.
Even though the coastline of the Dead Sea is relatively short (only 26 kilometres), the experience of floating in the saltiest water in the world belongs to one of the top tourist attractions. Another world class attraction and a true wonder is the ancient city of Petra with its well preserved archaeological architecture cut in the rock, bringing thousands of curious tourists from all over the world each year.
Petra also belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. Biblical attractions and pilgrimage highlights are only a part of the Jordan’s charm. The most remarkable is the hospitality of locals and the Middle Eastern virtue Jordan represents.