South Asia and Indian subcontinent
South or sometimes also Southern Asia is a compact region, which according to the geographical and political map consists of countries including dominating India and then Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, as well as island states Sri Lanka, and Maldives.
This region defined by the Indian Ocean on the south and West-, Central- and East Asia on the landside is also commonly referred to as Indian sub-continent (this term is particularly used in the British Empire and its successors).
Taking into consideration the population of each country, all put together represent more than one fifth of the entire world’s population which makes South Asia indisputably the most populous geographical world’s region which covers circa 3,4% of the Earth’s land surface.
This region is also remarkable for its broad variety of geographical attributes, covering rainforests, deserts, valleys, glaciers or grasslands despite it’s rather small size.
Also the climate is significantly divergent depending on the location with both monsoons and hot summers in the south tropical part and moderate climate with cooler winters in the north. South Asia can be also divided into four different climate zones from continental climate, through equatorial and tropical to Alpine climate.
The humidity during monsoons alternating with dry seasons are one of the reasons behind the great cultivation of main resources of the whole region which are tea, rice and various vegetables.
The leading religion is being Hindu with more than 63% representation, followed by Islam with slightly over 33% of Muslims living there. Also due to the rich history, the diversity of ethnic groups in South Asia speaks for more than 2 000 entities or ethnic groups.