Vanuatu is an archipelago situated in the Pacific Ocean. This island nation has an official name – The Republic of Vanuatu and is located around 1 750 kilometres from Australia.
The islands (originally called New Hebrides) are of a volcanic origin and before Spanish discovery in 1606, they were originally inhabited by Melanesians. Vanuatu gained its independence from Europeans in 1980. The name Vanuatu is actually composed of two words “vanua” and “tu” which can be together understood as the expression for the regained freedom and independence of the country and return to initial values of Melanesian people.
The archipelago is counting more than 80 islands and is shaped as the letter “Y”. Most of the islands (over 60) are actually inhabited. Capital city is Port Vila and can be found on the Efate islands.
The total land area covers circa 4 700 square kilometres. Most of the lands is rugged with rocky coastline and not suitable for agriculture. On the other hand, the unique look of pristine nature, rain forests, sugar white beaches with glory tranquil ocean water and jaw-dropping ocean views are some of the top attractions bringing number of tourists each year.
Due to the volcanic and quite geologically young origin, Vanuatu still has number of active volcanoes (both on the surface and underwater ones) with common volcanic activity. Scattered islands, unique fauna and flora, perfect snorkelling possibilities and tropical climate serve as an open invitation to all adventure lovers.
The inhabitants of the archipelago speak the national language called Bislama, although official languages are also English and French, due to the colonial history. The population reaches slightly over 221 000 people and vast majority of them are Christians.
Delicious Vanuatu cusine
Modern day Vanuatu cuisine combines traditional south Pacific cooking methode with European and Asian influences. Traditionally, the island nation foods have included seafood, banana, coconut, pork, yam and beef fresh water fish. Having become more influenced by the Western countries in the past few decades, vegitables such as cabbage, peppers, leeks, beans, carrots and pumpkin have found their way into the everyday island nation diet