Occupying the eastern part of the New PNG Island and number of offshore islands in Melanesia (Pacific Island), Papua New Guinea (often as well simply PNG) is a country belonging to Oceania.
More than 7 million of PNG’s population speak more than 800 languages in total, which only ads on the fact that it is one of the most culturally diverse country on the planet.
It is also one of the last discovered and least explored territories which makes this wild paradise a home to many yet unknown animal species and unique flora.
Moreover, due to the extensive forestation, the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (so is the official name) is believed to be still home for groups of people (indigenous tribes) who have not had a contact with the civilization or any other human yet and live completely isolated in rainforests and highlands within multiple regions of the country.
The ancient human stamps date back to 50 000 years ago and those inhabitants had their roots in South East Asia. First to discover PNG were sailors from Spain and Portugal back in the early 16th century and the official discovery of PNG was made by Don Jorge de Meneses in 1526. Despite the early discovery, the culture itself and people of PNG weren‘t deeper explored until late 19th century.
The tribal culture is something which makes PNG so remarkable.
Thanks to the country being considered as developing and most of the population living a natural lifestyle out of urban centres (mostly in the highlands), the colourful traditional culture can be experienced in its finest as it is kept alive through various rituals, ceremonies or traditional costumes.
The diversity is reflected also in the country’s geography. Extremes of the rugged land are represented by wild rainforests, mountain terrain, extraordinary reefs and green highlands alongside the diverse and unique animal world. Some of the species have their initial ancestors in Australia, dating back up to 5 million years ago.