A very small landlocked country located in the Western Europe, than is Luxembourg. Sharing borders with Germany, Belgium and France, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg covers an area of only about 2.58 thousand square kilometres, making it one of the small states in Europe. The population reaches about half a million people speaking three official languages: Luxembourgish, German and French.
The capital city of the country is the Luxembourg City. Based on the position of the country between both Germanic and French cultures and their mediation and will for further cooperation, the first brick to the creation of the European Union was laid among those countries.
The Luxembourg City is therefore (together with Brussels and Strasbourg) one of the official EU’s capitals with great political and cultural importance and also being home to many EU institutions. Apart from the EU, Luxembourg is also a member of United Nations, OECD, NATO and also Benelux.
It is a highly developed economy with a great standard of living of its citizens and last but not least, having one of the highest GDP per capita worldwide.
The very first history of Luxembourg dates back to the year 963 and the establishment of County of Luxembourg around the Luxembourg Castle. The 14th and 15th century belonged to Duchies and also the 19th century meant lots of pulling and pushing towards the Netherlands and Prussia.
Long story short, the country was repeatedly invaded by its neighbours and the World War II meant no exception. The final official liberation and independence came in 1944.
Despite being one of the smallest countries not only in Europe but also worldwide, the landscape of Luxembourg is still quite diverse.
The northern parts are mostly covered by mountains and are very sparsely populated. The south of the country is a flat and forested piece of land, where most of the population is situated.
The country excels in the protection of the environment. Although, one of the highlights of this tiny state lies in its culture. Not only is the overall wealth always top ranked, the pleasant mix of influences also created a charming atmosphere breathing through every path. This tiny place is offering countless number of excellent museums and historical sites, including the capital itself.