The Czech Republic is a small landlocked country located in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. The Czech Republic, also sometimes called Czechia, is a nation with around 10.5 million people and the country covers a total area of 78.8 thousand square kilometres.
The official language is Czech, which belongs to the Slavic branch. There is several ethnic group within the nation – the leading ones are Czechs, followed by small number of Moravians and Slovaks and a fragment of Poles. Czech Republic is also known to be one of the most atheistic countries in the world where more than 88% of the population claims no religious affiliation.
The capital city of the Czech Republic is Prague, which is also the largest and most populous city in the country. Prague is known to be a cultural hub with lively history and beautiful architecture, attracting masses of tourists every year. As a capital, Prague is also an economic and political centre.
The Czech Republic is a developed country with relatively high living standards and high income economy with low unemployment rate in comparison to the world and also belongs to some of the most peaceful nations in the world. It is the member of the European Union, NATO, OECD or the United Nations.
The Czech Republic, mainly thanks to its strategical position in the middle of the continent has always been destined to have an interesting history. Starting back in the 9th century and the Great Moravian Empire and the Duchy of Bohemia, those were the first steps to the Czech state.
Followed by the Kingdom of Bohemia and the famous and prosperous 14th century where Prague used to serve as an important city for the whole region, the land slowly grew.
In the 16th century, the Czech land belonged under the Habsburg Monarchy and then the Austrian Empire in early 19th century.
Although, Czech managed to preserve their national language. Modern history of the country is connected to the Czechoslovakia, strongly marked by the German occupation during the World War II and following communist rule.
The Velvet Revolution in 1989 ended the communist era and ever since 1993 (when Slovakia and the Czech Republic peacefully separated into two independent countries), Czechia develops along the democratic and peaceful way.
The main tourist attraction in the Czech Republic is indisputably Prague and its historical centre.
Prague is a beautiful city with well-preserved medieval architecture and lively history breathing through ever brick. For instance the impressive Charles Bridge will let your jaw drop for sure.
Some of the other popular cities include for instance the spa town of Karlovy Vary or Marianske Lazne, historical city of Cesky Krumlov or historical sites such as Karlstejn Castle or Lednice-Valtice area with chateau and beautiful surrounding gardens.
Some of the most popular part of Czech culture is also a beer, which is known to be a national drink, often called the “liquid bread” by locals.