Port Jackson is the place of high importance for city’s historical development ever since being the first European settlement in Australia.
Among the biggest highlights in this area belong the famous Sydney Opera House, the Harbour Bridge or Darling Harbour.
The Sydney Opera House: One of the most recognisable buildings in the world, iconic site of Sydney and a great architectural gem – that all and much more is the Sydney Opera House.
Since its completion in 1973, the Sydney Opera House has been attracting masses of tourists each year.
The original design of white surface shell-shaped roof is a true masterpiece and belongs to one of the the architectural and design achievements of 20th century.
The UNESCO World Heritage site occupies the Bennelong Point in Sydney Harbour, the adjacent to Sydney CBD and Royal Botanic Gardens, and provides great view of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, another iconic site of the city.
The idea of the unique design of the Opera House came from the head of Danish architect Jørn Utzon, who won the open-
ended international design competition launched in 1955. The aim of the competition was to construct a venue for theatrical productions and 233 architects provided with their ideas.
Utzon took a new approach to the building construction.
The roof of the building comprises of several large interlocking concrete shells which sit on the monumental platform, surrounded by terrace area for pedestrians. Each shell comprises of pre-cast rib segments.
The construction of the shells was the most difficult part of the whole process due to the revolutionary approach which was required for the demanding concept.
The whole building covers an area of 1,8 ha.
Though the building appears white from the distance, the real colour of concrete panels is a mixture of glossy white and matte cream. The famous and controversial construction lasted from 1959 till its opening in 1973.
The world class performing centre of Sydney Opera House consists of several performance venues including the main Concert Hall with 2 679 seats and containing the Sydney Opera House Grand Organ, which is used for concert and is a home to Sydney Symphony Orchestra;
Joan Sutherland Theatre, a proscenium theatre; Drama Theatre; Playhouse; Studio and smaller multi-purpose venues and also restaurants, cafes or bars.
This jewel of human creativity even today belongs to the top visitor attraction not only in Australia, but also in the whole world.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge: Part of almost every postcard of Sydney, the iconic Harbour Bridge is a true gem made out of steel.
The majestic arch bridge offers some of the best views over the equally famous Sydney Opera House and the entire harbour and it is one of the signature attractions of the city.
The „coathanger“, how Sydneysiders also call this massive construction, is an arch bridge connecting the city centre with northern suburbs at one of the narrowest points of the harbour.
The bridge is 1 149 m long and 134 m high at its highest point. With more than 52 000 tonnes, it actually is the heaviest arch bridge in the world.
The bridge carries car, rail, bicycle and also pedestrian traffic and it plays an important role for the transportation infrastructure having more than 200 000 cars crossing its length every day.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened in 1932, though the construction begun nine years earlier. The arch-shaped bridge was designed under the lead of J. J. C.
Bradfield by a British company Dorman Long and CO Ltd. Construction of the arch began in 1928 and both half-arches were joined in 1930.
The impressive weight of the bridge is carried by four massive decorative concrete pylons faced with granite.
The northern end of the bridge is located at Milsons Point in the North Shore area while the southern end lies at Millers Point in the Rocks area.
The walk across the bridge takes around 15 minutes and opens some unforgettable scenic views over the heart of Sydney.
This iconic landmark also offers unique Bridge Climbing experience. This attraction has been running since 1998 and allows adventurous visitors not only to learn more about the bridge’s history but most of all, to climb the arch to its top and thus experience one of the most magnificent views of the harbour
Darling Harbour – Port Jackson
Lively neighbourhood bursting with cultural opportunities, restaurants, bars and cafes; place with the greatest vibes and welcoming atmosphere – Port Jackson’s Darling Harbour is where you will fall in love with Sydney.
Darling Harbour used to serve as a harbour for food transport up the Parramatta River for all people within the area.
Aboriginal people called the place „Tumbalong“, which means „the place where seafood is found“ thanks to the huge number of seashells found on the shores. This also led Europeans to name the area Long Cove and later Cockle Bay.
As of 1826, the Harbour area is called Darling Harbour after the Governor of NSW Ralph Darling. History of the harbour went from the centre for change and shipping wharf to entertainment area after its redevelopment from 1988 onwards.
Port Jackson: Darling Harbour
is located on the western part of Sydney Central Business District and the whole locality extends to surrounding suburbs of Pyrmont, Darling Harbour Wharf, Cockle Bay and Chinatown.
The precinct and its immediate surrounding is also a place with plenty of attractions and public facilities, such as Harbourside Shopping Centre, Chinese Garden of Friendship, the massive Star Casino, popular Sydney Aquarium and Madame Tussauds museum, he LG IMAX Theatre including the world’s largest screen, famous Sydney Wildlife World or Australian National Maritime Museum for instance.
The western side of Darling Harbour offers some breathtaking views over the CBD area and the atmosphere gets even more magical during the regular fabulous fireworks show during most of the Saturday nights.
The whole precinct today serves as a place for number of cultural events. In the history, The Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre located within Darling Harbour (which is being redeveloped) served as a venue of the Summer Olympic Games in 2000.